PS4 SSD Upgrade Ultimate Guide
Upgrading the PS4 storage device (featured by a mechanical hard drive) to an SSD is a very popular option. Simply, if you look for the maximum possible performance out of your game console, you’ll need PS4 SSD upgrade. Because SSDs are known to be the fastest and most reliable storage device in history. They proved very high endurance and consistent performance over other storage devices, particularly hard drives.
Do You Need PS4 SSD Upgrade?
We’re all big fans of SSDs due to the great performance advantages they offer in all aspects, but that’s only when they are used in computers, not game consoles like PS4 or Xbox. That’s because a computer is qualified with its design and operating system to benefit the most from an SSD. Whereas a game console is NOT, no matter how powerful it is. The 4x or 5x performance increase is only seen in computers. As for game consoles, an SSD can only offer maximum 40% or 50% performance improvement. Yes, this is still a big number in the world of gaming. But when you take into consideration the premium you’re going to pay for that, you’ve to hold back and carefully rethink about it.
Therefore, we have prioritized upgrading PS4 HDD to an SSHD. It’s the best PS4 storage upgrade in terms of overall features. It offers almost 80% of the performance you’d gain if you go with an SSD. Additionally, it comes with a capacious storage space up to 2tb. All of that for a very adequate price.
Worth it to say that an SSD can be a better option for PS4 Pro if you can afford it. You can read more about that in the PS4 Pro SSD Guide.)
Brief on this Guide
In this guide you’re going to learn everything you need about this matter. Therefore you will know exactly what you need. But as has been stated earlier, and based on our long experience in the tech realm, we advise of an SSHD instead.
Before we go deep into details with this guide, we will list the best PS4 SSD Upgrades. That’s in case the reader doesn’t get convinced and insists to get an SSD instead.
Best 1tb SSD for PS4
This is the most popular SSD size for PS4. It’s suitable for the overwhelming majority of users. It comes with almost the same size of the stock hard drive.
As long as you are the only user for your game console, or you have an additional partner on the same console, this 1tb SSD storage capacity is presumed to be sufficient.
The following drives feature good alternatives to the above one. They offer 1tb of storage capacity and high data transfer rate. All with the same price range (under $300) as our top recommendation.
Best 2tb SSD for PS4
The 2tb capacity SSD is best suited for enthusiasts with exceptional storage needs. Most enthusiasts are content with 1tb, and when they need an additional storage space, they use an external hard drive for this purpose.
This SSD size comes with a high price tag that most users cannot afford. But if your budget is fine with that, here we list below the best 2tb SSDs for PS4:
There’s only one 2tb SSD that can be a real alternative to the above drive in terms of price and performance. Other SSDs with the same capacities are too expensive and we won’t be recommending them.
Why to Use SSD in PS4—The Pros
There are several advantages/benefits you’ll gain from upgrading PS4 HDD to an SSD. They are:
- The boot-up, sleep, and wake up processes of PS4 system will be noticeably faster with an SSD. As for an SSHD, it only offers faster boot-up time here, nothing else.
- An SSD in general is the most reliable storage device. If you have a serious concern about storage device failure, an SSD gives you the confidence you need for this purpose.
- SSD is the best storage solution for online gaming, especially when you have a very fast internet connection. SSD will help you move faster between game sessions, and respond instantly to your opponent reactions. Whereas this is not possible on that level of speed with HDD or SSHD.
- Game and apps installation is faster with an SSD. That’s due to the high write speed an SSD boasts over all other storage media.
- Although an SSHD offers a fast game loading time that’s only a few seconds behind an SSD, the SSHD can’t cut on the time of game session shifting, whereas an SSD can.
SSD Performance on PS4
As for SSD performance on PS4 and how fast it is, here’s a list of games tested on an SSD in PS4 to see the speed gains an SSD offers for PS4 users:
|Game Title/Loading Time (Seconds)||PS4 500GB Stock Drive||OCZ Trion 100 480GB|
|Bloodborne – Central Yharnam||30.8||16.9|
|Bloodborne – Great Bridge||26.1||15.0|
|Bloodborne – Old Yharnam Respawn||30.7||15.4|
|Bloodborne – Return to Hunter’s Dream||10.7||7.4|
|Fallout 4 – Vault 111||31.7||17.4|
|Fallout 4 – Exiting Vault 111||25.7||17.2|
|Fallout 4 – Concord Town||55.5||29.1|
|Fallout 4 – Diamond City||49.0||28.6|
|Just Cause 3 – New Game||69.9||43.8|
|Just Cause 3 – First Mission Respawn||28.9||21.1|
|Just Cause 3 – Baia||65.6||43.7|
|Just Cause 3 – Baia Respawn||23.4||16.2|
What about SSHD performance then? You can’t get the full performance advantages of SSHD until you run a specific game at least 5 times. Therefore, SSHD will learn that it’s a frequently used game and, consequently, save it in its SSD cache. Otherwise, it will perform just like a mere mechanical hard drive. That’s why most of the reporters who underestimated the power of SSHD just tested it with PS4 in the first or second round only and recorded the results.
The advantages of SSD sound so appealing. But in fact, they are minor if you remember that an SSD will cost you more than 5x the price of an SSHD (2tb SSD costs around $450. On the other hand, a 2tb SSHD costs around $90). Eventually, it’s up to you after all if you that’s worth your money to pay for.
How to Choose the Best PS4 SSD
Consequently, if you have made up your mind to go for PS4 SSD upgrade, you need to consider the following guidelines before making the final step and purchase that speedy drive.
Additionally, I think it’s important to know the capabilities/potentials of PS4 before judging. That’s in order to get a broader picture on the whole matter.
PS4 Performance Potentials
PS4 is just a game console that was designed for specific tasks. It’s unlike a computer that can handle lots of operations/tasks at once.
As a result, PS4 doesn’t employ a strong CPU like a computer does. The computer’s CPU is able to handle so many multitasking operations that PS4’s CPU can’t. If you get to know that SSDs are designed to help computer’s CPU handle multitasks, then you understand better why SSDs perform much faster on computers than PS4.
In a nutshell, the multitasking feature that an SSD is designed to handle will NOT benefit PS4 system. Therefore, you cannot play two games at the same time on PS4, neither run multiple applications simultaneously. PS4 CPU was designed to fit in that situation.
So, what does that mean after all?
It means that the huge data flow the SSD sends to CPU won’t be processed instantly as a whole like a computer does. Rather the data will be set in a queue waiting for its turn of CPU processing.
What if you know that PS4 is configured with SATA II interface NOT SATA III? That makes the situation worse, and will surely remarkably bottleneck the SSD performance.
That’s in brief. You’ll understand now why we recommend Seagate Firecuda 2tb SSHD as the best PS4 internal HDD upgrade.
Now, if that hasn’t convinced you enough, you can still go with an SSD for your convenience. Just take note of the following principles when choosing an SSD for your PS4:
- A mainstream (entry-level) SSD offers almost the SAME performance as a enthusiast (high-end) SSD does. That’s due to the limitation of PS4 hardware specifications. PS4 CPU cannot even properly and wholly handle the tremendous speed the mainstream SSD offers. That means an enthusiast SSD is just a waste of money in PS4.
- Although PS4 is configured with SATA II interface, don’t pick a SATA II SSD for its cheaper price. Rather, gGo for a modern SSD instead. That’s because old SSDs degrade quickly and need continuous maintenance and refreshment using the TRIM feature managed by the SSD utility software package provided by the manufacturer, which is only available for install in computer systems. As for new and modern SSDs, they can maintain their performance automatically without the need for TRIM support on the system them are installed in.
- SSD manufacturers have always advised to maintain at least 15%-20% of free space on SSD in order to keep it running at its peak performance. I’m not sure if this has been fixed in the modern high-end SSDs of today though, but it’s worth of your attention. That means you must expect to use only 80% of your SSD storage capacity.
- Preserve the SSD for your important games and apps, and let the less important ones be installed on an external hard drive. Yes, this is the best way of using an SSD on PS4. You’ll run your favorite games and apps on their highest performance level, while keeping others handy on an external hard drive connected to your game console.
- If you want your SSD to last long on PS4, then pick a prominent, highly-reputed brand that has a good history in the industry and offers at least 3-year limited warranty. Unknown brands are risky to consider.
- Don’t go for less than 1tb of SSD storage capacity, because then you’ll limit yourself too much with the too small space.
- PS4 games are designed to accommodate PS4 hardware, and an SSD is not into the designers’ consideration. Maybe if you own a PS4 Pro the situation differs, especially with its support for SATA III interface, but games made for PS4 standards won’t benefit too much from an SSD the way you want.
Once you fully comprehend and follow these guidelines, you’ll be safe in your route for picking the right PS4 SSD.
How to install an SSD in PS4
Sony has made PlayStation 4 hard drive so easy to replace and upgrade, and upgrading it to an SSD is just as easy.
All what you need to do is the following:
- Obtain a PS4 compatible SSD (one from the above list) and bring it with you to the work desk.
- Get a Philips-head screwdriver in order to unscrew the stock hard drive and fix the new SSD in its place.
- Make sure you have a PS4 compatible USB flash stick and PS4 compatible USB external hard drive ready with you.
- Download the FULL package of PS4 System Software from here (NOT the update patch) and save it on the USB flash drive.
- Now, follow the instructions illustrated in this video and you’ll be done.
Up to this point, everything will be fine with you. You can enjoy the power of SSD with your favorite game console and enhance your gaming experience with it.
After that, the information below interest novices who are new to the world of SSD. So if you’re a savvy, you don’t have to continue reading.
What’s an SSD?
Solid state drive (aka SSD) are storage devices very similar to that of a traditional hard drive in terms of functionality. While the same purpose is fulfilled, SSDs by design are to perform the same functions as performed by a disk drive but at an incredibly faster rate. When combined with being more energy-efficient (consumes less power) and having a decreased chance of malfunction—it’s understandable why some console players choose to install SSD in PS4.
In terms of performance only, that includes reliability, endurance and speed, an SSD is the best PS4 storage upgrade option. Surely only for the ones who can afford it. What makes SSD so much faster than HDD is that it is free of both moving and mechanical parts. SSDs take advantage of technological advancements and combines together memory blocks known as “NAND”. It transmits and processes data electronically that’s passed through microscopic transistors.
NAND is one of two Flash architecture technologies (the other one is known as “NOR”). It is the architecture that permits us enthusiasts to derive such speeds from out PS4. By making the switch to an SSD, your PS4 will have the built-in technology capable of high-capacity storage, fast erase and write speeds, and improved read capabilities.
There’s one secret to the design of SSDs of which most are unaware. when developed, SSDs contain a magnetic coating of sorts located on top of the “platters”. Here, data is routinely stored on what are known as “interconnected flash memory chips”. It helps maintain storage of your data even when power isn’t being delivered. This is the secret ingredient to the SSDs ability of performing actions much quicker with low energy requirements.
Take for example your traditional portable USB stick. In such hardware you don’t find any mechanical part. Rather, similar to that of an SSD, information is shared, stored, saved, and made accessible from microchips. So, when you think of an SSD, in a way, you could view it as an over-sized, more sophisticated version of the common USB stick.
How it All Works
So, how does all of this technology piece together to provide better performance?
Well, thru the use of microchip technology and the removal of physical mechanical hardware. Information then rapidly transmit and load. Imagine a walk to the kitchen for a glass of water. What if you could snap your fingers and a glass of water originating from the fabric of reality just appeared in your hand? SSD saves data and quickly makes them accessible from its design to by storing data in microchips. This means the loading of applications and multitasking become swift operations that effortlessly loads information in a fraction of the time.
It’s so quick, it’s near-instantaneous. Users that have made the PS4 SSD upgrade reported that their system felt overall smoother, much more responsive, and easier to navigate. Of course, many of these reviews are accompanied with gripes about how much the upgrade costs. But, overall, the tone from upgraders is rather positive and leans towards the performance increases outweighing the investment.
SSD vs HDD – Quick Comparison
Furthermore, to realize the actual power of SSDs, you have to compare them with their competitor—the mechanical hard disk drive (HDD). Afterwards, you’ll realize why an SSD is the best storage device for all systems in terms of performance and reliability. But as a user with limited budget, price is a major factor to determine what is “best” for you.
|Heat & Power Consumption||Due to the use of microchips – SSDs use very little power and product nearly no heat.||Because of the moving parts in an HDD, they use more power which results in more heat output.|
|Components||SSDs are free of mechanical parts. They’re comprised of ICs (integrated circuits) that work alongside an interface connector. Primarily, there are three main functions – the capacitor, the cash, and the controller.||Inclusive of moving and mechanical parts designed with a motor-driven disk that’s responsible for holding data platters (with a magnetic strip layer). Atop the platter are heads that “read” and “write” data.|
|Reliability||SSDs are more resilient, are less likely to encounter malfunctions, and provide better long-term use because of this. Because of their reliability, it’s not at all uncommon to receive a 5-year or 10-year manufacturer warranty.||HDDs are more prone to malfunction than SSDs due to their mechanical parts. In fact, an HHD is 7x more likely to encounter a failure than an SSD because of their use of mechanical parts.|
|Weight||No disk, spindle, or disk motor is present making it weigh less than an HDD.||They weigh more than an SSD due to their mechanical parts.|
|Defragmentation||SSDs are not prone to fragmentation and remain unaffected.||Over time an HDD drive can lose its performance due to fragmentation which can require routine maintenance.|
|Speed||Reduced latency and increased read/write speeds. Can handle more operations per second.||HDD’s provide higher latency and longer read/write durations. They handle fewer operations per second than an SSD.|
|Warranty||Due to there being no moving parts, malfunction or breakage is less likely to occur. Most manufactures offer a 10-year warranty.||Due to mechanical parts that are prone to malfunction, most manufacturers only extend a 5-year warranty.|
Again we remind you. Think of an SSHD ff you cannot afford the high price of SSD and want a viable alternative. It offers nearly 80% of the SSD performance with a very reasonable price.
Limitation of PS4
When it comes to the PS4, there are certain parameters in place set in place by Sony. These standards can be inclusive of certain limitations that you should be made aware of when determining if upgrading is the right choice for you.
For example, one limitation is that because the PS4 has a 2.5″ laptop-sized drive you’re limited to upgrading storage capacity to 2TB. Since manufacturers aren’t making 2.5″ drives over 2 terabytes it’s something you’ll need to keep in mind. Now, there have been reports of individuals surpassing the 2TB storage by installing a larger drive however this is quite involved and requires more work that what would want to undertake. Furthermore, reports have been made from those that installed larger drives that operating systems sometimes occur and such problems you certainly want to avoid.
At this point, Sony hasn’t been forthcoming on whether or not the PS4 incorporates SATA-II or SATA-III. However through a serious of tests and benchmarking it has been determined that the PS4 bus speed is in fact slower than that of SATA-III. Because of this, performance capabilities of installing an SSD will be limited to some degree. Performance increases will be noticeable when swapping the old HDD out for a SSD but because of the bus speed information won’t be able to travel quite as quickly.
While the hard drive can be upgraded, it’s the only interchangeable hardware in the PS4 console. This means tampering with or upgrading the RAM, processor, or any other components isn’t possible. Just something to keep in mind.
In conclusion, there’s no doubt that PS4 ssd upgrade will provide a great gaming experience. Of course, before making the choice to upgrade – you’ll want to consider the cost, the performance return, and the cons.
Really, the only downsides to upgrading are the cost and the limitations of the PS4 (referring to the bus speed). However, if cost isn’t an issue and storage capacity and speed are what’s most important to you then go for it.
Overall, console actions, the loading of games, and multitasking all are done much more quickly and will bring your console up-to-date with solid state technology.
PS4 SSD upgrade might be the right option for you. Furthermore, you have to bear in mind that you can use it in your computer if it doesn’t meet your expectations with PS4.
I restarted the PS4 earlier after borrowing a friend’s controller. When I tried to restart the PS4, I was informed that it was unable to do so and that I needed to use a USB to get the most recent software update. Did that, complied with the requirements, and received the message “The Update File Cannot Be Used.” Same problem when using a different USB Stick and downloading again.
Probably you need to clean your PS4 USB ports or use another USB storage device. Try that and tell me if it works.
SSD vs HDD – Quick Comparison
I think that last row is switched. SSD has fewer moving parts, HDD has a lot of moving parts.
Thanks man for notifying us about this error. We have edited and fixed it.
One last question if you don’t mind!? I know you said that it’s safe and won’t cause damage or major wear. But have you ever performed a Full Initialization on a PS4 that had an internal SSD…???
Honestly not. But I had performed much worse than that on my computer which had an SSD inside. I made 7-pass disk erase on an SSD (I don’t advise you to do that), and the SSD performance was not affected at all and it lasted long after that process.
I recently bought a PS4 off someone in which it came with an internal 500 GB Sandisk Ultra 3D SSD instead of the normal stock 500 GB HDD. However, would it be safe for me to perform a “Full Initialization” on the PS4 that uses an internal SSD as its main disk drive? If someone could please lease let me know, I would truly appreciate it. However, I just wan’t to make sure that it’s not going to damage the SSD or anything. And to make a long story short, there’s like 6 accounts on the PS4, a bunch of digital games I can’t access or play, other downloads like themes I’f never use, notifications, messages etc. There’s about 120 GB of free space out of the 500 GB, so I’m happy to know the previous owner left some head-space on the SSD. And lastly, I just want to factory reset my pre-owned PS4 so that there’s nothing on it but my PSN account and games that I play. Anyway, if someone could provide me with some solid information regarding to this, I’d be extremely grateful… Thank you!
Don’t worry, this will NOT damage your SSD or anything. Yes, doing it so often and for so many times can cause SSD performance degradation, but if this is done occasionally, there’s no problem at all.
Once thing regarding your SSD. I strongly prefer that you pull it out your PS4 and connect it to a PC. Now, download and install SanDisk SSD Dashboard and perform a secure erase on your SSD. This will restore any lost performance caused by the long use of SSD. This is also much better than initializing PS4.
Note that you’ll need to learn then how to install PS4 system software from scratch. You can find lots of guides online in this regard.
Hi, thanks for your feedback. Also, what if I don’t have access to a PC or an adapter to plug my SSD into my PC? That said, I don’t have a Desktop and my Laptop is broken. However, have you ever performed an Initialization on a PS4 that had an internal SSD? And if I was to just do one Full Initialization would put major wear on the SSD or just slighty where it wouldn’t cause too much wear on it… Thanks again! 🙂
Don’t worry about the potential damage that frightens you about initializing PS4. Its effect on SSD is even LESS than that on HDD. It’s slight and barely noticeable. So, don’t worry at all.
Awesome!!! Thank you so much for your help, I seriously appreciate it. That said, now I feel relieved and will be Initializing my PS4 later this morning… THANK YOU!!!
You’re most welcome.. any time
Nice article! Congrats!
I would like to know if there is really some improvement on online gaming, specially in FPS games. What kind os specific advantages a SSD could proportionate in online games?
The improvement only occurs if your opponent has an SSD as well, otherwise there will be none, as you’ll have to wait for your opponent’s response before you take action, and if he delays, you’ll consequently delay as well.
The secret in SSD improving online gaming is that it loads game files so quickly, and this offers faster response on your side. The improvement is marginal though, say 10%-15% only. The biggest bottleneck here is your opponent as I have already stated.
Thank you so much for your help….
FYI Amazon has it discounted down to $269
You’re most welcome.
Oh, really? That’s such a great bargain then. An SSD has never gone any closer to this price tag before. I am glad that you’ve found what you’re looking for.
Can you please answer a question?… I am looking to upgrade my PS4 pro (stock 1TB drive) for the purpose of loading speed time decrease. From what you have stated the sshd (hybrid drive) Firecuda had to load the same game about 5 times to reach full benefit. What I want to know is when in the same game (BF,Destiny,COD)…when transitioning from one “map” to another in multiplayer or in campaign will the Firecuda sshd hybrid drive offer a similar benefit to a ssd in load times?….
Also when playing a game and transitioning to access friends profile or other menu functions (chat,messages..) will the hybrid or ssd decrease access times or is this a ram issue?
Unfortunately not. An SSHD only optimizes the element that has been accessed 5 times in the initial launch. So it will only increase the loading speed of the game’s primary elements in the launch, then it will work as an ordinary hard disk drive for other elements.
If you want these things to be optimized, go for an SSD. It’s your only choice. If you need a cheap 2tb SSD, try Micron 2tb SSD. You can get it for less than $300.
Thank you for the guide! Here is some information that is not in the guide that may be helpful:
1) The USB flash drive/stick should be formatted in the exFAT format.
2) The system update file needs to be in a specific folder path. If your usb drive is drive (D:), then it would be: “D:\PS4\UPDATE\PS4UPDATE.PUP”
Also, please note that the video given as an example in this guide is using a Playstation 4 standard edition. The hard drive is removed in a different location on the Playstation 4 Pro: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=euBlNq5kda0
Thanks for this nice addition. The flash drive can also be formatted in FAT32 (try it if you wish).
Does PS4 operating system support TRIM functionality in SSDs?
No it doesn’t. But modern SSDs are no longer in need for TRIM support of the platform they are installed on, as they have their built-in garbage collection system.
Thanks for this valuable piece of writing. It is really nice. I have a question though: Suppose I have made up my mind to upgrade my PS4 HDD with an SSD, what SSD capacity do you advise of?
If, after you read this article, you still want to get an SSD for PS4, then the capacity limit depends on your budget and your storage needs, I cannot really determine for you. But generally, 1TB SSD is the most convenient for the majority of users.
Great article. Do you think an SSHD is a better solution than SSD for PS4 in all aspects? Thanks
Not in all aspects, but rather in overall features. That’s because an SSD, although the best storage solution in terms of performance and reliability, it is too expensive to obtain for a cheap game console like PS4. Probably if you own PS4 Pro then I would say an SSD has the priority over SSHD, but surely not for PS4 Standard. (You can read more on PS4 Pro SSD and see why I’ve said that.) So, all in all, I strongly recommend an SSHD over SSD for PS4, you’ll save almost $200 and get about 80% of the performance an SSD offers when you go for SSHD.
Adding an SSD to PS4 will make a significant performance boost, but not to the extent that makes it worth the price, I totally agree. I liked this article and I have come here to write something to express my gratitude for the precious information included within it.
Hi John, and thanks for your “gratitude”, I appreciate it. And YES, you’ve said the truth. Additionally, SSD will lose a big portion of its power when used in PS4 due to the limitations PS4 imposes because of the unqualified hardware structure that can take the full advantage of a super-fast storage device like an SSD.
Great work, thanks for the heaps of detailed information you provided about PS4 SSD. I have a question though. If I use an SSD in PS4, will it degrade due to the lack of TRIM support in PS4 system? Also, what’s the best SSD for PS4 in your opinion? Thanks
Modern SSDs have built-in garbage collection system that help them dispense with TRIM support. So, if your SSD is made after 2015, you shouldn’t worry about that issue at all. As for your second question, I only recommend the SSDs listed in this guide.
Excellent work and very informative. Thanks for that.
I read somewhere on the web that using Samsung 850 Evo SSD would make some better performance improvement than the entry-level SSDs you have presented. What do you think?
Probably yes, but I am pretty sure that the performance improvement that Samasung 850-EVO SSD offers for PS4 compared with others SSDs is marginal and much worthless the extra price. Those entry-level SSDs are the best option for PS4 users who are looking to upgrade the internal HDD with SSD. Otherwise, we keep telling our readers to get Seagate Firecuda 2tb SSHD, even though it won’t be as fast as an SSD, it offers up to 80% of SSD performance with a very good price tag and capacious storage space limited to 2tb.
That’s such a well written article with lots of information. I want to ask though, do you think Seagate firecuda SSHD can be a great alternative than SSD in terms of performance for PS4?
Using an SSD for PS4 is too expensive for almost just 40% to 50% of performance gain, whereas Seagate firecuda SSHD offers up to 40% of performance gain. All of that with an adequate and affordable price and with a capacious 2tb storage space. So I strongly dissuade you from getting an SSD for your PS4 console, rather go for Seagate Firecuda 2tb SSHD.